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Matlock Bath: Heights of Abraham, Wooded Slopes
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North Parade
& Waterloo Road

Matlock Bath from the Heights of Jacob, 1908-14

Great Rutland Cavern, Heights of Abraham

Above is an enlargement of part of a postcard called "Wooded Slopes, Matlock Bath". It shows Waterloo Road zigzagging up the hillside to the Round House, which is not round, and the junction with Holme Road, Masson Road and Upperwood Road. The large dwelling on the left is Wellington House and behind it is a small cottage that belonged to Belle Vue House. At the end of the Wellington House row is Oban, the three storey house with the wooden canopy over the door and a curved end. This was initially one storey high. It became the home of a local busnessman, William Lennox, after he had retired and he named the property Oban[1].

The road then bends around and rises quite steeply. On the far side of the bend, half hidden by the tree, is Belgrano. Above the row, actually around the sharp bend and up the road a bit from Belgrano, is a property that is half hidden from view. This was Swiss Cottage, so named because it resembled a Swiss chalet. And above Belgrano is the octagonal, single storey, Round House.

The castellated Gothic building is the Lower Tower. It had been the home of Colonel Edward Payne in the 1820s[2] and at the time it was known as The Tower; the Upper Tower on the Heights of Abraham had not yet been built. At the beginning of the 1840s Mrs. William Cumming and her sister Miss Hall used the property as an "Establishment for the Education of Young Ladies[3]". Robert Chadwick and his family were living there in 1860 and the house was occupied by the Chadwicks until the early 1950s[4].

The whole image is shown below. The Upper Tower is the building high up on the slopes that is surrounded by woodland. Mrs. Chadwick's brother, Samuel Sprinthall, lived at the Upper Tower for a many years and leased the Heights of Abraham from his sister and her family.

Wooded slopes

"Wooded Slopes, Matlock Bath". No.3293. Publisher not known.
Postcard in the collection of and provided by Susan House.
Researched, written by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only.

References (coloured links are to transcripts or more information elsewhere on this web site):

[1] William Lennox, who moved to the district in the 1860 ("Derby Daily Telegraph", 8 Feb 1930), named Oban after his birthplace. This presumably after the house had been rebuilt. He can be found there in the 1911 census | Kelly's Directory 1912 | Kelly's Directory 1916 | his MI is at Holy Trinity. He and his wife were incorrectly recorded as Lennon in the 1901 census.

[2] "The Derby Mercury", Wednesday, 24 January, 1827. Sale of household goods by Edward Payne, The Tower.
Glover's Directory, 1827/8/9 also tells us he was there. Payne clearly liked Gothic buildings as another property of his, Ivy Cottage in Matlock Dale, was also described as castellated. Ivy Cottage was replaced by The Rocks. See his name in Nineteenth Century - Game Duty Lists

[3] "The Derby Mercury", Wednesday, 7 July, 1841

[4] The Chadwicks, who also had a long association with the Heights of Abraham, are recorded in the census returns from 1861 onwards (see the 1861 census entry). They advertised in nineteenth century directories and twentieth century directories.