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Matlock: General View from Jackson Tor, 1904-1910
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In the Vernon Lamb Archive

5046, Jackson House

5065, Jackson House

Lilybank, built by George Bernard Barton

The photographer would have been standing close to the sharp bend in Cavendish Road, then called Bent Lane, to capture this shot. The card is slightly later than first thought, and the picture was taken between 1904 and 1910 or so. The date has been arrived at because views of the Hall Leys exist that can be dated to 1903; those images do not include a football stand. The stand here, seemingly shorter but slightly more substantial that in other pictures as it is shown with a back, probably replaced an earlier stand. It is possible that the first stand was damaged or destroyed in the devastating flooding of 1901[1] when the football pitch was under 10 feet of water[2].

The Hall Leys park had not yet been developed, of course, and its bandstand had yet to be thought of. Yet the newly developed Imperial Road Gardens, just behind the Crown Hotel, can be seen over the top of the unmistakably steep roof of All Saints' Church. In addition, although you cannot really see it on this image, there is actually quite a good view of the railway line where it goes into the High Tor tunnel. And just below Snitterton Road there are signs of quarrying.

In the foreground is Smedley's Church (on the extreme left). Jackson House Hydro (bottom, centre) is seen, unusually, from the rear of the building. The Jackson Road hydro, which was known as Abbey Hotel in the 1950s, was later renamed Jackson Tor House. It was opened by George and Martha Barton in 1857[3]; the couple were former employees of John Smedley and their son later built Lilybank Hydro. Their neighbour was George Davis at Tor House Hydro (to the left of Jackson House, and in line with All Saints')[4]. Leonard Bramwell took over from the Bartons[5]. The hotel finally closed in 2003 and has been converted into flats.

If you follow the roof line of the hydro you can see a wide bend in the road where Smedley Street meets Woolley Road. The large house in the crook of the bend was called "The Terrace". It was split into two halves, with the Reverend John Higgs (d.1895) in one half and the Collinsons in the other[6]. Charles Collinson (d.1897) was said to have been a quiet philanthropist and a supporter of All Saints' Church[7]. There is a brass chancel screen in All Saints' church in his memory, given by his daughter Maud. In an essay about the Collinsons, Joyce Copeland mentions his connection to the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. James Collinson, Charles' brother, was a founder member of the group and was for a time engaged to Christina Rossetti, the poetess[8].

Dorothy Fairey was running the Derwent Hotel in 1939[9].
Her husband, George Frederick Fairey of the Abbey Hotel, died in 1962[10] and their hotel was sold.
The distinctive tower on the left hand block has an overhanging roof.

1. "General View, Matlock, from Matlock Bank", National Series [M & L LD \ G & L]. Unused. © Ann Andrews collection. This image replaces another National Series card that was was posted in 1921.
2. Advertisement for the Abbey Hotel from "The Matlocks, Derbyshire", published about 1950 and printed by Geo. Hodgkinson, Printer, Matlock. Image Ann Andrews collection.
Researched, written by and © Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only

References (coloured links are to transcripts or more information elsewhere on this web site):

[1] Tomlinson, Susan (2017) "The Early Years of Matlock Town Football Club, Including Results, Match Reports and Social History". Ms Tomlinson has noted that by the time of the Club's 1904 AGM the covered stand has not been mentioned for a number of years. She therefore suggested the possibility of the stand being affected by flooding, which is not unreasonable in the circumstances.

[2] Flooding in the Matlocks has more about the numerous times Matlock has been flooded.
The old stand can be seen on the following pages within the site: Matlock Bridge, late 1880s | Matlock: Bridge & Bank, early 1890s.
The newer stand is also found on: Matlock from Matlock Bank, 1904-06.

[3] See both the 1861 Census and the first listing of Jackson House in Kelly's Directory, 1864 (under Matlock Bank).

[4] George Davis is shown as a hydropathic practitioner in the 1871 census and in Kelly's Directory 1876. Tor House Hydro was still open at the beginning of the Second World War (Derby Daily Telegraph, 2 November 1939 - William Davis fined 10/- for failing to obscure lights) but did not advertise in Kelly's 1942 Directory. The building was eventually demolished.

[5] Kelly's Directories of 1908 | 1912 | 1916 show Leonard Bramwell at Jackson House and George Davis at Tor House.

[6] Charles Collinson and the Rev John Higgs can be found at The Terrace in Kelly's Directory 1876 | Kelly's Directory 1891 | Kelly's Directory 1895. Miss Collinson lived at The Terrace after her father's death - see Kelly's Directory 1899. The Collinsons can also be found in various census returns: the 1871 census | the 1881 census (John Higgs was next door) | the 1891 census | the 1901 census (Mary Maud Collinson). Mary Maud Collinson died on 18th November 1904.

[7] "Derbyshire Times", 1 May 1897. Obituary notice for Charles Collinson.

[8] Mitchell, Ian (ed.) (2002) "A Matlock Bank Miscellany, Essays by Members of the All Saints' Local History Group". Article by Joyce Copeland.

[9] See: Matlock Bridge, Pic Tor Walk, 1909.

[10] London Gazette, 30 November 1962.