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Documents Relating to Matlock & Matlock Bath
Documents from the Middle Ages to the Reign of Charles I
 
Matlock : Duchy of Lancaster Court Rolls

A sample of what is available.
From documents held originally at the Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, London.
Now held in The National Archive at Kew, London.
Documents Relating to Matlock & Matlock Bath
Charters
Ancient Deeds
14th C leases
Duchy of Lancaster

Duchy of Lancaster - Rentals & Surveys
TNA reference: DL 43/1/32
Jas. I. 12 manuscripts

Matlocke [signatures].

[W mark] Adam Wolley Senr
Tho : Flynt
Thomas Fullwoodd
William Walker
Thomas Columbell

[mark] Edmund Walker
Adam Wolley
Junr
Willia Ludlam
[mark] John Bowne
 


The names of all the Coyhoulders wthin the said Mannor and what lands they hould, and what rent they pay for the same, and what fee farme Rents and what Ceife [chief] Rents for ffreehould lands are paid to the Reeve to his ma-- use


Conteyning
by estimate
sixteene acres or
thereabouts
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William Ludlam of Matlocke houldeth to him & his heires for ever by Copy of Court Rolle accordinge to the Custome of the Mannor of Matlocke one Messuage & a garden & one Cotage & a garden wth the appurtnances in Matlocke aforesaid, & cten [certain] Closes Crofts lands tenemts and hereditaments to the same Messuage belonginge or aprtayninge, Upon any of wch lands there be no woods nor quarries, neither be any of the same harriotable[?], nor any other service boones workes or duties dewe or donne for the same, other than Recevinge service and sute of Court to the wapentake of wirksworthe, as by anctient custome hath beene used, for all wch pr misses hee yearly payeth to the Reeve to his Maties[?] use   }
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} xs viiijd
} [10s 9d]
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Conteyning
by estimate
four acres or
thereabouts
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Thomas Ludlam houldeth there to him & his heires by Copy of Court Roule according to the Custom of the Same Mannor one messuage & garden with severall buildings thereto belonginge or appertayning with certain parcels of copiehould lands meadow & pasture with the Commons & pasturages to the same messuage or tenement severally or respectively belonging or therewth used as by the several copies newe showed unto us doth appeare, saving that one Robert Steere hath a mortgage of twoe parcels of the same Ludlames land wth Clause of Redemption as by covenants betweene them will appeare upon any of the wch Lands there be neither woods quarries nor mynes neither be the same Heriotable nor any other services boones workes or dewties dewe or donne for the same other then Reeving service & sut [suit] of Court within the Wapentake of Wirksworth as by Anctient Custom hath bene used for all wch prmisses he pays yerly to Reve to his Mats use   }
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} ivs iij½d
} [4s d]
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TNA reference: DL 43/1/32
2 Jas I

Matlocke
The Jurie doth present that there services are fealtie suite of Court, and that they do Reeve in turne for ever[y] messuage, that the custome for there estates is to have them in fee simple to them and their heires for ever and that hee wch hath any land there in fee simple may by surrender convey it to the use of any other in fee simple, fee tayle for lyfe, lyves or for terme of yeares, they have comon of pasture and turbary in all the wasts & comon grounds wthin the said Manor, they pay no heriotts nor do no workes nor boones nor other duties for there lands, and that the copieholders within the said Manor generally ha[ve] no woods nor trees growing upon there copieholds but in hedgrowes, and these very few and but of some copieholders, and verie little else, and do say that every copyhoulder wthin the said Mannor, by the Custome of the said mannor have used to take the same treese & wood as there owne, & to there owne use, & stoune allso at there pleasure wch they take to be a full answeare to these poynts. The Jurie do allso say that wthin the said Mannor there be mynes of lead ore by reasone whereof there land is so subverted and digged up that it is great losse to the owners thereof and the kinge reapeth by these mines great benefitt in this sorte (videlt) that any of his Maties subjects may freely break the soyle of any freehoulder or copyhoulder within the said Manor without anie recompence to be given to the oner of the soyle to digge for lead ore giveing to his Matie or his farmer the thirteenth measure called a dishe of the same ore, wch is called lott and 6d. for every load of lead ore (wch load is 9 dishes) wch is sould there, to be paid to his Matie or his farmer by the Buyer thereof, wch is called cope, and this lott & cope doeth rayse a great Revenowe to his Matie or his farmer, and other mynes wthin the Manor the Jurie knowe not unles it be states wthin the said Mannor wch the freehoulders & Copyhoulders wthin the said Mannor tyme out of mynde have used to gett & convert to & for there own uses at there pleasure onely for the repration of all there houses and that wthin the said Mannor there is a Barren waste wherein the Tenants & Inhabitants there have comon of pasture for all there cattell, and divers other Townes doe enter Comons with them as namely Bonsall, Darley, Farley, Ashover, Tannesley & divers other townes for the wch Bonsall payeth to the Reeve yearly 3 shillings & 4d., and do further say that besides the barrennes of the same the clymate is so could in winter as it is rather an ease then a comoditie, & by reason of the myners they are troubled with a desease amongst their cattell called the Bell [belland] and wherewth there cattell beinge once infected are uncurable and that the principall profit thereof is the lead mynes, but they know not the quantity of the waste, & that the inclosing thereof would be more charge then good could be had of it. There are Rockes & Toures of stoune bu[t] no quarries nor estovers, but turbarie nor other mynes nor quarries nor any incroachment but what his Matie hath demised to one Mr. John Carpenter who is Bailife of the Sake (Soke) of Worksworth. And that to there knowledges there is no copieholder wthin the said Manor claymeth any freehould & affirmeth that he knoweth not the one from the other, and that no Copiehoulder wthin the said Mannor to their knowledges hath conveyed or sould any pte of his copyhould land heeretofore to any other p[er]son or persons, so as the kings rent issuing out of the whole is nowe only payd by him that would [sould?] any such pte. Neither can the land so sould remayne wthout paymt. of anie pte of the rente or Service, Neither can the land be heereafter concealed not known to be copie hould, for that no man is so simple to buy copyhould land but by surrender in Court wch will easily avoid all these poynts of p[er]ill, And that rather for that poynt these kind of prejudice is used to be avoided, and doe further say that to their knowledge there is no psons wthin the said Mannor wch houldeth any land that belongeth to his M[atie] for wch hee payeth no Rent to his Matie nor whereof he hath not sufficient graunt.

(Signed by the same nine men whose signatures or marks appear at the beginning of the first document quoted above; the last signature is that of Willia Ludlam.)

Duchy of Lancaster - Court Rolls
TNA reference: DL 30/53/660

Matlocke.
Small Court of the Lord the King. Held at Wirkesworth
for the said Manor, 3 Feb. 11 Jas. I. (1613/14).

To this Court came Thomas Ludlam in his own person, and surrendered into the hands of the Lord the King one messuage, one barn and one garden with the appurts situated and being in Matlocke aforesaid, on the East Part of a certain land called Dobblane, and now in tenure or occupation of the said Thomas or his assigns, and two crofts of land containing by estimation 3 acres more or less in the said town, near the north part of the said lane & now in tenure of said Thomas or his assigns; To the use of the said Thomas and Frances his wife for term of their lives and the life of the survivor of them, and after the decease of the said Thomas and Frances, then to the use of Thomas Ludlam, the son of the said Thomas and Frances, and the lawful heirs of his body, and for default of such issue to the use of Edmund Ludlam, younger son of•said Thomas Ludlam the father and his heirs and assigns for ever, according to the customs of the said Manor.
Proclamation at Court held 17 Mar. same year and third proclamation at Court held 4th Aug. same year.
Whereupon seisin was delivered to the said Thomas to hold in the aforesaid manner, and gave the lord the King for fine - made fealty and was admitted.
Duchy of Lancaster - Other Court Rolls that refer to the Ludlam family
TNA Reference: 30/53/660
Matlock Court Baron.
Held at Wirksworth 30 Se pt. 11 Jas. I.
Wm. Ludlam, Thos. Ludlam, Jurors
TNA Reference: 30/53/662
Matlock Court Baron. 10 Oct. 13 Jas. I.
Thos. Ludlam, Juror.
TNA Reference: 30/53/662
View of Frank Pledge with Court Baron.
Held 4 April 14 Jas. I.
Wm. Ludlam, Juror.
TNA Reference: 30/54/665
(M. 5 dorso) Matlock Court Baron.
15 April 22 Jas. - I.
Thomas Ludlam, Juror.
TNA Reference: 30/54/668
View of Frank Pledge & Court Baron.
Held at Wirksworth.
27 April 2 Chas. I.
Names of the Jurors of the Soccage, William Ludlam.
TNA Reference: 30/54/660
Court Baron.
10 Oct. 19 Jas. I.
Thos. Ludlam, Juror.
TNA Reference:30/54/660
View of Frank Pledge & Court Baron.
2 May 1622.
Names of Jurors of the Soccage, William Ludlam.
TNA Reference: 30/53/656
Court held at Wirksworth
27 April 7 Jas. I.
Wm. Ludlam, Thos. Ludlam, Jurors.
TNA Reference: 30/53/657
Matlock Frank Pledge
4 Oct. 8 Jas. I.
Thos. Ludlam.
TNA Reference: 30/53/657
Court Baron.
4 Oct. 8 Jas. I.
Wm. Ludlam, Juror.
TNA Reference: 30/53/655
Court Frank Pledge
6 Oct. 6 Jas. I.
Thos. Ludlam, Wm. Ludlam, Jurors
TNA Reference: 30/53/660
Court held 3 Feb. 11 Jas. I.
Surrender by Thomas Ludlam, reported fully above.
Lay Subsidies that refer to the Ludlam family
TNA Reference: E 179/93/358
Matlock Wirksworth Hundred
William Ludlam in goods 7 Oct 1628
£3 - 8/-
TNA Reference: E 179/93/354
Matlocke Wirksworth Hundred
William Ludlam in goods 29 March 1626
£3 - 8/-

Abbreviations

DL - Duchy of Lancaster. This was set up in the thirteenth century and its lands, properties and investments belong to the United Kingdom's monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.

These transcripts have been extracted from the paper: "William Ludlam of Southampton: Some New Information," by Dr. Walter D. Ludlum, Sr., St. Albans, N.Y. (no date). This small leaflet was most generously sent to the web mistress some years ago by Mr. Bill Ludlam of Bayport, NY. Bill's grandfather was Walter Ludlam.
Re-typed by Ann Andrews.
The first part of the transcript of DL 43/1/32 has been checked and corrected by Ann Andrews.
Intended for personal use only.